Ocular Hypertension is also known as High Eye Pressure in the eyes which means the pressure in the eyes your intraocular pressure (IOP) is extensively higher than the normal pressure which can also further cause glaucoma and loss of eyesight (Vision).
Diagnosis of Ocular Hypertension can majorly be only done by an ophthalmologist or an eye practitioner as there is no sign of pain and redness in the eyes. The eye practitioner can diagnose it by having a comprehensive eye test and compare the IOP with normal levels.
What are the causes and diagnosis of Ocular Hypertension?
Factors that cause of Ocular Hypertension are as similar to that of Glaucoma as even glaucoma is caused by high eye pressure. But as there are no outward symptoms of ocular hypertension, it is near to impossible for a patient to notice it on their own. However, if a regular eye examination can diagnose it. Also, Eye intraocular pressure is measured by the doctors using a device called a tonometer. The pressure, if is measured above 21 mm Hg twice, an eye care professional may diagnose and declare it as ocular hypertension.
What is the Treatment of Ocular Hypertension?
Eye Drop: The Doctor might prescribe eye drops to reduce the pressure in the eye. But it also comes along with a risk of side effects which is the reason that some doctors may choose to monitor your IOP and take further actions if in case it shows the sign of further developing glaucoma. With that, The doctor may recommend other treatment which is used to cure or treat glaucoma in a case if the eye drop is ineffective in treating ocular hypertension to treat the high pressure in the eye.
Treatment for ocular hypertension depends on your risk of developing glaucoma. Not all people with ocular hypertension will develop glaucoma. Your eye care provider may perform several tests to determine your need for treatment.
If you are at high risk of developing glaucoma, eye drops or laser treatment may be recommended. If you have a lower risk of developing glaucoma, you may be monitored with regular testing without any treatment. Your eye care provider will discuss treatment options that are best for you.